Effect of Emdogain coated endodontic materials on viability of human dental pulp stem cells (HDPSCs)

  • Hamed Karkehabadi Department of Endodontics, Dental School, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Shahriar Shahriari Department of Endodontics, Dental School, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Rezvan Najafi Research Center of Molecular Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Elham Khoshbin Department of Endodontics, Dental School, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Hadiseh Abbaspourrokni | drhadisehabbaspourrokni@yahoo.com Department of Endodontics, Dental School, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, Islamic Republic of.
  • Zahra Pakseresht Department of Endodontics, Dental School, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran, Islamic Republic of.

Abstract

Aim: Biocompatibility is an important characteristic of dental pulp capping agents. This study aimed to assess the effect of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), calcium enriched mixture (CEM) cement and Biodentine with/ without Emdogain (EMD) on the viability of human dental pulp stem cells (HDPSCs).

Methodology: In this in vitro study, HDPSCs were isolated from the root canal of an extracted impacted third molar tooth and cultured. The cells were exposed to freshly prepared endodontic cements in six groups of MTA, MTA plus EMD, CEM cement, CEM cement plus EMD, Biodentine and Biodentine plus EMD in 24-well plates for 24, 48 and 168 hours (6 wells/repetitions for each material group at each time point). Cell viability was evaluated at each time point using the methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests.

Results: Cell viability was not significantly different at different time points in any endodontic cement group (p>0.05) except for CEM cement/EMD group (p=0.00). At 24 hours, MTA/EMD and MTA showed the highest cell viability (p=0.001). Similar results were obtained at 48 hours (p=0.000). At 168 hours, MTA/EMD and CEM cement/ EMD showed the highest cell viability (p=0.000). Addition of EMD had no significant effect on cell viability in any cement group at 24 or 48 hours. However, addition of EMD to MTA and CEM cement increased the viability of HDPSCs at 168 hours.

Conclusions: Addition of EMD to MTA and CEM cement can increase the viability of HDPSCs at 7 days.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2019-10-31
Section
Original Articles
Keywords:
Mineral Trioxide Aggregate, Calcium Enriched Mixture Cement, Biodentine, Emdogain, Cell Survival, Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells
Statistics
Abstract views: 106

pdf: 42
Share it

PlumX Metrics

PlumX Metrics provide insights into the ways people interact with individual pieces of research output (articles, conference proceedings, book chapters, and many more) in the online environment. Examples include, when research is mentioned in the news or is tweeted about. Collectively known as PlumX Metrics, these metrics are divided into five categories to help make sense of the huge amounts of data involved and to enable analysis by comparing like with like.

How to Cite
Karkehabadi, H., Shahriari, S., Najafi, R., Khoshbin, E., Abbaspourrokni, H., & Pakseresht, Z. (2019). Effect of Emdogain coated endodontic materials on viability of human dental pulp stem cells (HDPSCs). Giornale Italiano Di Endodonzia, 33(2). https://doi.org/10.32067/gie.2019.33.02.04